CARNARVON TRADERS

The Repository of all Things Historical for the Ancient Welsh Town of Carnarvon

  Castle Square, Carnarvon. Published by Williams & Hughes, Bridge Steet, 1850


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CHOLERA 1866


The fountain on Castle Square, opened by the Prince of Wales in 1868, and which was the culmination of the fight to improve the water supply to the town and conquer the dreaded cholera.  K. Morris
The fountain on Castle Square, opened by the Prince of Wales in 1868,
and which was the culmination of the fight to improve the water supply
to the town and conquer the dreaded cholera. K. Morris
Sir Llewelyn Turner.  T. M. Hughes
Sir Llewelyn Turner. T. M. Hughes

I do not intend to cover this outbreak in great detail as it is already well served by T. Meirion Hughes's excellent bilingual book: "The Cholera and the New Water Supply/Y Colera a'r Gronfa Ddwr Newydd" (ISBN 09252493616). Suffice to say that this was the last, and by far the worst, outbreak of the disease to hit the town. The severity of this outbreak led directly to the introduction of a fresh water supply to all inhabitants, which was heralded by the opening of the fountain on Castle Square in 1868.

Briefly, the town of Carnarvon had always been served by an inadequate, and very unhealthy, water supply, which was compounded by the rapid expansion of the town during the boom years of the slate trade in the first half of the century. This was fertile ground for a disease such as cholera, and as has been seen it was only through good fortune that decimation on a grand scale had been avoided over the last forty years.

The appalling state of the town's sanitation had attracted attention many times over the years, most specifically by the Mayor, Sir Llewelyn Turner. Up until 1866 his attempts had fallen on deaf ears and nothing had been done. This was not an unusual situation as the Town Council had an enduring record of failing to agree on a multitude of projects aimed at improving the town. Most often this was down to sheer pig-headedness and personality clashes on the part of individual councillors, and a cynical reluctance to spend any money on the poor.

This was the sad state of affairs then as the summer of 1866 progressed. On the 17th. of October four-year-old Simon Hobley, of Turf Square, became the first official victim of the outbreak, although there had been sporadic deaths from diarrhoea and similar ailments since mid-June. The following is a list of all the victims.

The list is compiled from the Civil Registration Death Register and the Llanbeblig Parish Burial Register. I have included any instances of deaths due to diarrhoea and "gastric fever" as they might possibly be Cholera related.

In all there were 78 confirmed Cholera victims, with a further 20 possible cases having died from Diarrhoea or Gastric Fever.

Name Abode Date of Death Date of Burial Age Cause of Death
Richard Jones Treffynon June 14 June 18 16 months Diarrhoea 7 Months
John Jones Union Workhouse June 18 June 19 79 Diarrhoea
William Roberts Union Workhouse June 23 June 26 79 Debility & Diarrhoea
William Ellis Union Workhouse August 08 August 08 52 Debility & Diarrhoea
Mary Elizabeth Williams Segontium Terrace August 12 August 15 241 Gastric Fever 7 Weeks 2
Mary Roberts Crown Street October 05 October 10 02 Diarrhoea
Simon Hobley Turf Square October 17 October 22 04 English Cholera
Hugh Owen Castle Square November 07 November 08 51 Asiatic Cholera
Edward Williams Segontium Terrace November 20 November 21 34 English Cholera 22 Hours
Ellen Thomas Victory Tavern November 21 November 22 50 Cholera 27 Hours
Jane Grindley Twthill Terrace November 21  3 82 Diarrhoea 3 Weeks
Edward Thomas Castle Ditch November 22 November 23 52 Cholera 30 Hours
Thomas Jones New Poorhouse November 22 November 23 69 English Cholera
James Williams Tanrallt November 22 November 23 25 English Cholera
Margaret Cowell Pool Street November 25 November 25 25 Cholera 26 Hours
Ann Pritchard Crown Street November 25  4 30 English Cholera
Ellin Foulkes Baptist Lane November 26 November 26 35 5 Cholera 11 Hours
Henry Edwards Baptist Street November 27 November 28 20 months Diarrhoea 8 Hours
Emma James County Gaol November 27 November 28 41 English Cholera
Ann Owen Castle Square November 27 November 27 57 Asiatic Cholera
William Daniel Vinegar Hill November 27 November 28 41 Cholera
Ellin Williams Pool Street November 29 November 29 62 Cholera 2 Days
Margaret Edwards Baptist Street November 29 November 29 46 Asiatic Cholera
Hannah Jones Wesley Street November 30 December 01 33 Asiatic Cholera
Henry Williams Bank Quay December 01 December 02 73 Cholera
William Williams Court y Bragwr December 01 December 01 82 6 Choleraic Diarrhoea
Morris Williams Penditch December 02 December 03 70 English Cholera
Griffith Hughes Pool Hill 7 December 02 December 03 02 Cholera
Ann Ellin Lewis Greengate Street December 02 December 03 07 Cholera 6 Days
Mary Morris March Lane December 03 December 04 68 Asiatic Cholera
Hugh Hughes Cae adda goch December 03  8 74 Diarrhoea
Catherine Rowlands New Poorhouse December 04 December 04 31 English Cholera
Thomas Davies Tanybont December 04 December 04 27 9 Cholera 24 Hours
Ellen Hughes Skinner Street December 04 December 05 26 Cholera
Benjamin Rowlands Baptist Street December 05 December 05 32 Asiatic Cholera & Uraemia
Catherine Williams Court y Bragwr December 05 December 07 02 Gastric Fever
David Williams Court y Bragwr December 06 December 07 10 Cholera
Elizabeth Evans Crown Lane 10 December 09 December 10 09 Cholera
Agnes Morris March Lane December 10 December 11 24 Cholera 8 Days - Pneumonia
Owen Evans Hendy December 11 December 12 64 Cholera 28 Hours
John Roberts Tanrallt December 11 December 12 01 English Cholera 11
Robert Jones Crown Street December 12 December 13 46 12 Cholera
John Jones Pool Street December 12 December 13 38 Cholera 12 Hours
Thomas Ellis County Gaol December 13 December 13 45 Cholera
Mary Evans Pool Street December 13  13 57 Gastric Fever
Robert Henry Thomas Wesley Street December 13 December 14 14 months Cholera 24 Hours
Edward Roberts County Gaol December 13 December 14 57 Cholera
Jane Ellen Griffith Pool Street December 13 December 14 14 Cholera 32 Hours 14
Mary Ann Richards St. Helen's Terrace December 13 December 14 49 Cholera & Congestion of Brain
Catherine Jones Pool Side December 14 December 15 33 Cholera 13 Days 15
Margaret Jones Tyddynhen December 15  16 34 Gastric Fever & Congestion of Brain
Ellen Griffith Mount Pleasant December 15 December 17 70 Cholera 15 Hours
Ann Ellen Evans Mount Pleasant December 15 December 17 06 Cholera 13 Hours
Margaret Cowell Pool Street December 15 December 17 77 Cholera Coma
John Ishmael Uxbridge Square December 15 December 16 49 Cholera
Ellen Addie Castle Ditch December 16 December 17 24 Cholera 24 Hours
Thomas Hugh Roberts Shirehall Street December 16 December 17 23 Cholera
Thomas Jones Skinner Street December 16 December 17 31 Cholera
William Smith James Court December 16  17 12 hours Cholera 18
Robert Smith James Court December 17 December 18 03 Cholera 3 Days 18
Sarah Griffith Pool Street December 17 December 18 66 Cholera Coma
Jane Griffith Pool Street December 18  19 19 Cholera
Owen Roberts Chapel Street December 18 December 19 54 Cholera 8 Hours
Mary Grace Williams Pool Street December 18 December 19 11 Cholera 24 Hours
Ellen Hughes Baptist Street December 18 December 19 51 Cholera 18 Hours
Glynne Williams Chapel Street December 18 December 19 54 Cholera 15 Hours
Ann Thomas Chapel Street December 19 December 20 36 Cholera
Elias Williams South Penrallt December 20 December 21 28 Cholera
William Pierce Patent Slip December 20 December 21 69 Cholera
David Evans South Penrallt December 21 December 21 53 Cholera
Jane Hughes Castle Ditch December 21 December 22 62 Cholera
Thomas Williams North Penrallt 20 December 22 December 22 02 Diarrhoea
David Jones Tanybont December 23 December 24 49 Cholera
Mary Ishmael Uxbridge Square December 23 December 24 61 Cholera 36 Hours
Christopher Maughan Dillon's Cottage December 23 December 24 36 Cholera
David Prichard Crown Street December 23 December 24 18 21 Asiatic Cholera
William Owen Harbour Office December 25 December 25 58 Cholera 43 Hours
William Griffith Skinner Street December 25 December 26 57 22 Cholera
Jane Jones Castle Square December 26 December 27 30 Cholera 27 Days
Sarah Blackburn Pool Hill December 26 December 27 27 Cholera 5 Days
William Henry Morgan Patent Slip December 27 December 28 05 Cholera 3 Days Coma
Elizabeth Rowlands Albert Inn December 27   57 23 Cholera 9 Days 24
Robert Thomas Mount Pleasant December 27 December 28 56 Cholera 12 Hours
Jannet Owen Baptist Street December 28 December 28 62 Asiatic Cholera
Phoebe Davies Palace Street January 01 January 01 60 25 Cholera 46 Hours
Elizabeth Evans London House 26 January 02 January 04 31 Diarrhoea 5 Days
Ellin Jones Palace Street 27 January 03 January 03 54 28 Cholera 12 Hours
Gwen Jones Tanyard Court 29 January 04 January 05 14 Cholera 40 Hours
John Hughes Bridge Street January 05 January 05 52 Asiatic Cholera
Catherine Jones Tanybont January 07 January 08 44 Cholera Pneumonia
John Davies Palace Street January 09 January 10 70 Cholera 6 Days Debility 9 Days
Rumsey Rumsey Wms Bontnewydd January 10 January 11 58 Cholera


There were also six persons noted in the Llanbeblig Burial Register as having died of Cholera, but the official cause of death in Civil Registration Registers was otherwise noted.

Name Abode Date of Burial Age Cause of Death
Betsey Daniel Vinegar Hill November 26 03 Cholera
Hugh Owen Court in Palace Street November 29 30 Cholera
Henry Thomas Pool Lane December 03 02 Cholera
Catherine Williams Market Street December 33 68 Cholera
William Jones South Penrallt December 20 60 Cholera
Griffith Closs Davies Well Street January 08 01 Cholera

1 Age in Burial Register recorded as 27 2 & Haemorrhage From the Stomach
3 Not buried at Llanbeblig 4 Not buried at Llanbeblig
5 Age in Burial Register recorded as 36 6 Age in Burial Register recorded as 80
7 Moriah Square in Burial Register 8 Not buried at Llanbeblig
9 Age in Burial Register recorded as 31 10 Crown Street in Burial Register
11 John Hughes age 2 of Tanrallt in register 12 Age in Burial Register recorded as 44
13 Buried at Caeathraw 14 & Cerebral Congestion
15 & Congestion of Brain 5 Days 16 Not buried at Llanbeblig
17 Buried at Llanbeblig, but not recorded in register 18 Brothers
19 Not buried at Llanbeblig 20 South Penrallt in Burial Register
21 Age in Burial Register recorded as 17 22 Age in Burial Register recorded as 58
23 Not buried at Llanbeblig 24 & Congestion of the Kidneys 3 Days
25 Age in Burial Register recorded as 59 26 High Street
27 Pool Street in Burial Register 28 Age in Burial Register recorded as 58
29 Crown Street  


SOURCES

Llanbeblig Parish Burial Registers.
General Register Office - Register of Deaths.


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